Understand the Meaning and Brief History of Population and Housing Census

 What is the CENSUS? The National Statistics Office (NBS) Population and Housing Census describes the census as a procedure for collecting, analyzing, evaluating, publishing and distributing demographic, economic and social data related to all people and their residences in the country for a specific period.


In another sense, the Census is a procedure for obtaining and maintaining information about the number of people, residences or certain institutions in the country concerned. It is also an exercise with the aim of obtaining the population of all people in the country, knowing the age, sex, place of residence, the status of generations and deaths .


Where did the census begin? For the first time in Tanzania the census started in 1910. Other censuses that followed were in 1967, 1978, 1988, 2002 and 2012 after independence.


According to the last population and housing census of 2012, Tanzania had a total of 44,929,002 people of which 43,625,434 people were from mainland Tanzania while Zanzibar had 1,303,568 people. The 2022 census will be the sixth census to be held in Tanzania after independence.

The President of the United Republic of Tanzania Samia Suluhu Hassan with the President of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar Dr. Hussein Mwinyi

What is the purpose of the census? Knowing the population of all people and their residences is important in all economic, administrative plans as well as various social services needed to raise the standard of living of the people nationally.


By obtaining accurate population and housing statistics, it helps in formulating policies, planning development plans and improving the provision of community services to Tanzanians, including monitoring the initiation and monitoring of various development projects that shape the development of people.


Finally; Population and housing census is very important in strengthening and improving the country's economy and the lives of individual Tanzanians by moving closer to health, education and wealth production services. Therefore, all Tanzanians have the right to unite and be counted by looking at the existing productivity in this exercise. This 2022 census is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, August 23.

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